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Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94

Daughter of James, Duke of York, later James II, by his first wife, Anne, Duchess of York; sister of Anne, later Queen Anne; married 4 November 1677 William of Orange at St James’s, and lived in Holland 1678-89; they were crowned jointly William III and Mary II of England 11 April 1689; d. 28 December 1694.

‘she had a clear pale complexion, black hair, a high and open brow, large eyes that protruded slightly, a well-proportioned nose, cheeks a little too full low down, white teeth, a deep red mouth, a beautiful throat, a slender and shapely figure, and a deportment, an air and manners full of sweetness and majesty’ (Mémoires de Monsieur de B).
Her effigy in Westminster Abbey stands 180 cm high, 11.5 cm taller than that of her husband.


This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.