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Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (1693-1768), Prime Minister

Politician, member of the Kit-Cat Club; Clare College, Cambridge, 1709; succeeded his uncle to the Holles estate 1711, assuming the additional name of Holles; succeeded his father as Baron Pelham 1712; created Earl of Clare 1714 and Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne 1715; lord chamberlain 1717-24; KG 1718; secretary of state (north) 1724-48, and (south) 1748-54; FRS 1749; first commissioner of the treasury 1754-56 and 1757-62; created Duke of Newcastle under Lyme 1756.

‘He was not equal to greatness and success, and paid a heavy price for them’ (G. E. Cockeyne, The Complete Peerage).

This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.