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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

James Edward Oglethorpe (1696-1785), Founder of Georgia

Colonist of Georgia; educated Eton and Corpus Christi College, Oxford; entered army 1710; served under Prince Eugene; MP for Haslemere 1722-54; chairman of the parliamentary committee on debtor's prisons, 1729; obtained a charter for settlement of Georgia, as a refuge for paupers and a barrier for British colonies against Spanish aggression, 1732; encountered, during his administration of the new colony, much opposition, owing to his prohibition of negro slavery and rum, and had difficulties with the Wesleys and Whitfield; successfully, and partly at his own expense, defended Georgia against the Spaniards, allying himself with the Indians, but failed in an attack on St Augustine, 1740; named brigadier-general, and returned to England, 1743; major-general serving in Lancashire against the Jacobites, 1745; was accused by Cumberland of misconduct, and though acquitted, did not return to military life; Oglethorpe married 1744, Elizabeth daughter of Sir Nathan Wright, 2nd Bart.

Referencesback to top

Manning and Bray 1804-14
O. Manning and W. Bray, The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey, 1804-14.

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.