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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Catherine Douglas (née Hyde), Duchess of Queensberry (1701-1777), Eccentric beauty and patron of writers

Eccentric, wit and beauty; second daughter of Henry, 4th Earl of Clarendon; married, 1720, Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry; patron of Gay, correspondent of Swift; friend of Congreve, Thomson, Pope and Prior.
From Prior's early verses of c.1717 'Thus Kitty, beautiful and young', [1] the sitter's beauty was frequently extolled. Walpole in 1773 slyly observed: ‘I saw the Duchess of Queensberry last night; she was in a new pink lutestring, and looked more blooming than the Maccaronesses. One should sooner take her for a young beauty of an old-fashioned century, than for an antiquated goddess of this age - I mean by twilight.' [2]

Footnotesback to top

1) Lady Theresa Lewis, Lives of the Friends and Contemporaries of Lord Chancellor Clarendon: illustrative of Portraits in his Gallery, 1852, III, p 419.
2) Lady Theresa Lewis, Lives of the Friends and Contemporaries of Lord Chancellor Clarendon: illustrative of Portraits in his Gallery, 1852, 32 (Countess of Upper Ossory), I, pp 132-33.

Referencesback to top

Collins Baker 1920
C. H. Collins Baker, Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures in the Possession of Lord Leconfield, 1920.

Goulding 1916
R. W. Goulding, Welbeck Abbey Miniatures, 1916.

Lewis 1852
Lady Theresa Lewis, Lives of the Friends and Contemporaries of Lord Chancellor Clarendon: illustrative of Portraits in his Gallery, 1852.

Llanover (ed.) 1861-2
The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 1st and 2nd series, 1861-62.

The Collection of Miniatures at Montagu House, 1896.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.