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Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

George Frederic Watts (1817-1904), Painter and sculptor; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery

Painter and sculptor; born 23 February 1817, London; trained with William Behnes and at Royal Academy Schools 1835–7; prizewinner in the Westminster Palace Competitions 1842 and 1847; visited Italy 1843–7; painted a series of frescoes during the 1850s, including Justice at Lincoln’s Inn; settled at Little Holland House 1850–75; artist of large allegorical works and of the Hall of Fame portraits, conceived as a national record and presented to the National Portrait Gallery; considered the greatest British painter of his age; elected ARA January 1867, RA December 1867; declined baronetcy 1885 and 1894; OM 1902; married Ellen Terry 1864 (separated 1865), and secondly Mary Fraser-Tytler 1886; died 1 July 1904, in London.

Dr Jan Marsh

Referencesback to top

Argyll/Lorne 1901
Argyll, J.D.S. Campbell, Duke of (formerly Marquess of Lorne), V.R.I.: Her Life and Empire, London, 1901.

Attwood 1984
Atwood, P., ‘The Medals of Alphonse Legros’, The Medal, vol.5, 1984, pp.7–23.

Attwood 1992
Attwood, P., Artistic Circles: The Medal in Britain 1880–1918, exh. cat., British Museum, London, 1992.

Baldry 1901
Baldry, A.L., Hubert von Herkomer: A Study and a Biography, London, 1901.

Barrington 1905
Barrington, E., G.F. Watts: Reminiscences, London, 1905.

Beraldi 1890
Beraldi, H., Les Graveurs du dix-huitième siècle, Paris, 1890.

Bills & Bryant 2008
Bills, M., and B. Bryant, G.F. Watts: Victorian Visionary: Highlights from the Watts Gallery Collection, exh. cat., Guildhall Art Gallery, London and Mercer Art Gallery, Harrogate: New Haven and London, 2008.

Blunt 1975
Blunt, W., England’s Michelangelo: A Biography of George Frederick Watts, O.M., R.A., London, 1975.

Brandow & Ewing 2007
Brandow, T., and W.A. Ewing, Edward Steichen: Lives in Photography, exh. cat., Paris and other venues, London, 2007–8.

Brooke 1994
Brooke, X., Face to Face: Three Centuries of Artists’ Self-Portraiture, exh. cat., Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1994.

Bryant 2004a
Bryant, B., G.F. Watts Portraits: Fame and Beauty in Victorian Society,, NPG, London, 2004.

Bryant 2004b
Bryant, B.C., ‘Watts, George Frederic (1817–1904)’, ODNB, Oxford, 2004; online ed., May 2007.

Bryant 2009
Bryant, B., G.F. Watts in Kensington, [Compton], Surrey, 2009.

Byron 1981
Byron, A., London Statues, London, 1981.

Carter 1900a
Carter, A.C.R., ‘Two Great Photographic Exhibitions: The Photographic Salon’, Photograms of the Year 1900, London, 1900, pp.109–49.

Carter 1900b
Carter, A.C.R., ‘Two Great Photographic Exhibitions: The Royal’, Photograms of the Year 1900, London, 1900, pp.150–92.

Chapman 1945
Chapman, R., The Laurel and the Thorn: A Study of G.F. Watts, London, 1945.

Cooper 1928
Cooper, C..S., The Outdoor Monuments of London, London, 1928.

Cooper 1876–83
Cooper, T., Men of Mark: A Gallery of Contemporary Portraits of Men Distinguished in the Senate, the Church, in Science, Literature and Art, the Army, Navy, Law, Medicine, etc. Photographed from life by Lock and Whitfield, London, 7 ser., 1876–83.

Cox & Ford 2003
Cox, J., and C. Ford, Julia Margaret Cameron: The Complete Photographs, London, 2003.

Cumming 2005
Cumming, E., Phoebe Anna Traquair: 1852–1936, Edinburgh, 2005.

Dakers 1999
Dakers, C., The Holland Park Circle: Artists and Victorian Society, New Haven and London, 1999.

Dorment et al. 1986
Dorment, R., and others, Alfred Gilbert: Sculptor and Goldsmith, exh. cat., Royal Academy, London, 1986.

Du Maurier 1951
Du Maurier, D., ed., The Young George Du Maurier: A Selection of his Letters 1860–67, London, 1951.

Edwards 2006
Edwards, J., Alfred Gilbert’s Aestheticism: Gilbert amongst Whistler, Wilde, Leighton, Pater and Burne-Jones, Aldershot, 2006.

Edwards 1999
Edwards, L.M., Herkomer: A Victorian Artist, Aldershot, 1999.

Ford 1975
Ford, C., The Cameron Collection: An Album of Photographs by Julia Margaret Cameron presented to Sir John Herschel, Wokingham, Surrey for the NPG, 1975.

Gaja 1995
Gaja, K., George Frederick Watts in Italy: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Florence, 1995.

Gernsheim 1975
Gernsheim, H., Julia Margaret Cameron: Her Life and Photographic Work, New York, 1975.

Gillett 1990
Gillett, P., The Victorian Painter’s World, Stroud, Glos., 1990.

Gould 2004
Gould, V.F., G.F. Watts: The Last Great Victorian, London, 2004.

Gould & Ormond 2004
Gould, V.F., ed., and R. Ormond, The Vision of G.F. Watts O.M. R.A. (1817–1904), exh. cat., Watts Gallery, Compton, 2004.

Gower 1902
Gower, R.S., Old Diaries 1881–1901, London, 1902.

Greenhow & Naughton 2011
Greenhow, D., and G. Naughton, ‘Mary Watts's Visit to the Winter Exhibition, London’, Arts and Crafts Movement in Surrey Newsletter, no.14, Autumn–Winter 2011, p.19.

Hamilton 1921
Hamilton, J.M., Men I Have Painted, London, 1921.

Homer 1974
Homer, W.I., ‘Eduard [sic] Steichen as Painter and Photographer 1897–1908’, American Art Journal, vol.6, Nov. 1974, pp.45–55.

Hutchings 1994
Hutchings, E., Discovering the Sculptures of George Frederick Watts, Brighstone, Isle of Wight, 1994.

Ilchester 1937
Ilchester, Earl of, Chronicles of Holland House, 1820–1900, London, 1937.

Longwell 1978
Longwell, D., Steichen: The Master Prints 1895–1914: The Symbolist Period, London, 1978.

Maas 1984
Maas, J., The Victorian Art World in Photographs, London, 1984.

MacDonald 1995
MacDonald, M.F., James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995.

McMaster 2008
McMaster, J., ‘That Mighty Art of Black-and-White: Linley Sambourne, Punch and the Royal Academy’, British Art Journal, Autumn 2008, pp.62–76.

McMaster 2009
McMaster, J., That Mighty Art of Black-and-White: Linley Sambourne, Punch and the Royal Academy, Edmonton, Canada, 2009.

Marillier 1896
Marillier, H.C., ed., Men and Women of the Century ... portraits and sketches by Mr Rudolph Lehmann, London, 1896.

Niven 1997
Niven, P., Steichen: A Biography, New York, 1997.

Noakes 1978
Noakes, A., William Frith: Extraordinary Victorian Painter, London, 1978.

Norman 1973
Norman, D., Alfred Stieglitz: An American Seer, New York, 1973.

Ormond 2010
Ormond, L., Linley Sambourne: Illustrator and Punch Cartoonist, London, 2010.

Philippi & Kieseyer 1997
Philippi, S., and U. Kieseyer, eds, Alfred Stieglitz: Camera Work The Complete Illustrations 1903–1917, Cologne and London, 1997.

Robinson [1892]
Robinson, R.W., Members and Associates of the Royal Academy of Arts, 1891. Photographed in their Studios by Ralph W. Robinson of Redhill, n.p., [1892].

Schleinitz 1904
Schleinitz, O. von., George Frederick Watts, Bielefeld and Leipzig, 1904.

Soulier & Legros 1904
Soulier, G., and L. Legros, L’Oeuvre gravé et lithographié de Alphonse Legros, exh. cat., galeries Charles Hessèle, Paris, 1904.

Spielmann 1901
Spielmann, M.H., British Sculpture and Sculptors of To-Day, London, 1901.

Steichen 1963
Steichen, E., A Life in Photography, New York, 1963.

Stephens 1884
Stephens, F.G., ed., Artists at Home. Photographed by J.P. Mayall and reproduced in facsimile…, 6 parts, London, 1884.

Swanson 1977
Swanson, V.G., Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema: Painter of the Victorian Vision of the Ancient World, London, 1977.

Tait & Walker 2000
Tait, H., and R. Walker, The Athenaeum Collection, London, 2000.

Taylor 1986
Taylor, G., ed., Byam Shaw: A Selection of Paintings and Book Illustrations, exh. cat., Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1986.

Watts 1975
G.F. Watts: The Hall of Fame: Portraits of His Famous Contemporaries, exh. cat., NPG, London, 19765.

Watts 1912
Watts, M.S., George Frederic Watts: The Annals of an Artist’s Life, 3 vols, London, 1912.

Weaver 1984
Weaver, M., Julia Margaret Cameron 1815–1879, exh. cat., John Hansard Gallery, Southampton, and tour, 1984.

Weaver 1986
Weaver, M., The Whisper of the Muse: The Overstone Album and other photographs by Julia Margaret Cameron, exh. cat., Getty Museum, Malibu, 1986.

Whistler 1993
Whistler, C., ed., Hidden Treasures: Works of Art from Oxfordshire Private Collections, exh. cat., Ashmolean M., Oxford, 1993.

Dr Jan Marsh