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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

James Wolfe (1727-1759), General; conqueror of Quebec

General; conqueror of Quebec; born at Westerham Vicarage, Kent, eldest son of General Edward Wolfe; entered the army 1742; in Flanders, 1743, fought at Dettingen the following year; served in Scotland 1745-46, and 1749-52; brigade-major in the Netherlands, 1747; major, 20th foot, 1749, and lieutenant-colonel, 1750; studied in Paris, 1752-53, returned to his regiment in Scotland, 1753; quartered at Exeter, 1754-55, and at Canterbury, 1755-56; introduced system of manoeuvres which long remained in use; quartermaster-general in Ireland, 1757-58, and in the expedition against Rochefort, 1758; served with the rank of colonel under General Amherst against Cape Breton; as major-general sailed with 9,000 men from England, February 1759, in command of the expedition to capture Quebec, died in the hour of victory, 13 September.

Referencesback to top

Erskine (ed.) 1952
Augustus Hervey's Journal, ed. D. Erskine, 1953.

Kerslake 1959
J. F. Kerslake, 'The Likeness of Wolfe', Wolfe, Portraiture & Genealogy, Quebec House, 1959.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.