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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York (1725-1807), Son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

Second son of James 'the Old Pretender'; created Duke of York; brother of Prince Charles whom he supported in the '45; returned to Italy, appointed bishop of Ostia and prefect of St Peter's, Rome; cardinal 1747; archbishop of Corinth, 1759; bishop of Tusculum, 1761; assumed title Henry IX, 1788; his residence at Frascati sacked by the French, 1799; fled to Padua and Venice; aided by George III, returned to Frascati, died leaving crown jewels (carried off by James II) to George IV.

Referencesback to top

Beck 1905-6
Egerton Beck, 'Ecclesiastical Dress in Art', Burlington Magazine, VIII, 1905-06.

Emmerling 1932
Ernst Emmerling, Pompeo Batoni, 1932.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.