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Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Johan Joseph Zoffany (1733-1810), Painter of portraits and conversation pieces

Painter; b. near Frankfurt and trained in Regensburg; Rome 1750-57; came in 1760 to London, where patronised by David Garrick and introduced to the Royal family; exhibited RA 1770-1800; in 1772 Queen Charlotte commissioned him to paint the Tribuna in Florence (where Horace Mann called him ‘the one-eyed German’); in 1776 in Vienna he was made a Baron of the Holy Roman Empire (he was occasionally called ‘Sir’ in England thereafter); returned to England 1778; in India 1783-89 making his fortune; returning to London, he gave up painting in 1800.

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.