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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Nicholas Hawksmoor (1661-1736), Architect

Architect; son of a Nottinghamshire farmer; when about eighteen taken into service by Wren, employed as supervisor at Winchester Palace and Chelsea Hospital; appointed clerk of the works, Kensington Palace, 1689, and Greenwich Hospital, 1698; made many designs for St Paul's, 1691-1712; by 1702 at Castle Howard with Vanbrugh and later at Blenheim where he superseded him; at Oxford designs included Queen's College, not executed in entirety, Worcester College and parts of All Souls, including Codrington Library; as joint surveyor of Queen Anne's new churches, 1716, designed numerous London churches; surveyor general, Westminster Abbey, 1723.

Referencesback to top

Webb 1958
M. S. Webb, 'Henry Cheere, Sculptor', Burlington Magazine, C, 1958.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.