Key to 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'
1 portrait of Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay
- Extended Catalogue Entry
Key to 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'
by Sir George Scharf
pen and ink and wash, 1872
18 3/8 in. x 40 3/8 in. (467 mm x 1025 mm)
Artistback to top
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 80 portraits, Sitter in 79 portraits.
Sittersback to top
- George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (1784-1860), Prime Minister. Sitter in 50 portraits.
- Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1819-1861), Prince Consort of Queen Victoria. Sitter in 206 portraits, Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton (1773-1848), Financier. Sitter in 11 portraits.
- Sir Charles Barry (1795-1860), Architect. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Charles John Canning, Earl Canning (1812-1862), Governor-General and first viceroy of India. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- George William Frederick Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle (1802-1864), Viceroy of Ireland. Sitter associated with 79 portraits.
- Nicholas William Ridley-Colborne, 1st Baron Colborne (1779-1854), Statesman and financier. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Sir Charles Lock Eastlake (1793-1865), Painter; President of the Royal Academy and Director of the National Gallery. Sitter in 15 portraits, Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Charles Shaw-Lefevre, Viscount Eversley (1794-1888), Speaker of the House of Commons. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- Sir James Robert George Graham, 2nd Bt (1792-1861), Statesman; First Lord of the Admiralty. Sitter in 56 portraits.
- Peter Robert Drummond-Burrell (né Burrell), 2nd Baron Gwydyr, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby (1782-1865), Politician; MP for Boston. Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
- Henry Hallam (1777-1859), Historian. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- Sir Benjamin Hawes (1797-1862), Advocate for the arts and politician; MP for Lambeth and Kinsale. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Sir Robert Harry Inglis, 2nd Bt (1786-1855), Conservative politician; MP for Dundalk, Ripon and Oxford University. Sitter in 18 portraits.
- Henry Gally Knight (1786-1846), Writer on architecture. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne (1780-1863), Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council. Sitter associated with 76 portraits.
- John Singleton Copley, Baron Lyndhurst (1772-1863), Lord Chancellor and politician; son of the painter John Singleton Copley. Sitter associated with 95 portraits.
- Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay (1800-1859), Historian, poet and politician; MP for Calne, Leeds and Edinburgh. Sitter in 26 portraits.
- William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne (1779-1848), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 159 portraits.
- Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (1811-1864), Politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter in 17 portraits.
- Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (1784-1865), Prime Minister. Sitter in 145 portraits.
- Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Bt (1788-1850), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 225 portraits.
- Samuel Rogers (1763-1855), Poet, banker and art connoisseur. Sitter in 23 portraits.
- John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (1792-1878), Prime Minister and writer. Sitter in 244 portraits.
- Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope (1805-1875), Historian; founding member and first chairman of the Trustees of the National Portrait Gallery and Conservative politician; MP for Hertford. Sitter in 23 portraits.
- George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland (1786-1861), President of the British Institution. Sitter associated with 12 portraits.
- George Vivian (1798-1873), Artist. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Sir Thomas Wyse (1791-1862), Irish politician and diplomat. Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 548
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 704
Placesback to top
- Place portrayed: United Kingdom: England, London (Gwydyr House, Whitehall, Westminster, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1872back to top
Current affairsThe (Secret) Ballot Act is passed. By ending open voting in local and general elections, the act reduced the scope for intimidation at hustings, an important step towards democracy. Previously, voters had to mount a platform and announce their choice of candidate to a recording officer, so although most working men had already been enfranchised, employers were able to punish workers who did not vote for their preferred candidate.
Art and scienceGeorge Eliot's novel Middlemarch is published. Exploring the impact of the 1832 Reform Act on provincial England, and charting the changes in class, politics, art and science in the nineteenth-century, Eliot's novel is widely perceived to be one of the best examples of the English realist novel.
InternationalThe Metaphysical Club is formed in Cambridge, Massachusetts, by William James (brother of author Henry James), Oliver Wendel Holmes Jr, and Charles Sanders Peirce. The group begins to develop the American philosophy of pragmatism, which held that ideas were simply mental constructs that people formed to help them cope with the world, but which did not exist in an ideal realm.
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