Engraving after 'The Coalition Ministry, 1854'
7 of 17 portraits of Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
Engraving after 'The Coalition Ministry, 1854'
by William Walker, after Sir John Gilbert
20 3/4 in. x 28 3/8 in. (527 mm x 721 mm)
Artistsback to top
Sittersback to top
- George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (1784-1860), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 57 portraits. Identify
- George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll (1823-1900), Politician, Lord Privy Seal and Secretary of State for India and writer on science, religion, and politics. Sitter in 32 portraits. Identify
- George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (1800-1870), Diplomat and politician; Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Sitter in 16 portraits. Identify
- Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron Cranworth (1790-1868), Judge. Sitter in 14 portraits. Identify
- William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Prime Minister and writer; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter associated with 321 portraits. Identify
- Sir James Robert George Graham, 2nd Bt (1792-1861), Statesman; First Lord of the Admiralty. Sitter in 57 portraits. Identify
- Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville (1815-1891), Politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and leader of the Liberal party; ex-officio Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter associated with 52 portraits. Identify
- Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt (1799-1882), Home Secretary. Sitter in 14 portraits. Identify
- Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax (1800-1885), Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer. Sitter in 28 portraits. Identify
- Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea (1810-1861), War Secretary; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 11 portraits. Identify
- Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne (1780-1863), Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter associated with 77 portraits. Identify
- Sir William Molesworth, 8th Bt (1810-1855), Politician, First Commissioner of Works and Colonial Secretary. Sitter in 20 portraits. Identify
- Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (1811-1864), Politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter in 17 portraits. Identify
- Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (1784-1865), Prime Minister. Sitter in 146 portraits. Identify
- John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (1792-1878), Prime Minister and writer; ex-officio Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter associated with 249 portraits. Identify
This portraitback to top
The coalition ministry, under the leadership of the Earl of Aberdeen, came to power in 1852 following the short-lived Tory administration under the Earl of Derby. It included the leading Whig and Peelite statesmen of the period. This engraving of Gilbert's portrait shows Aberdeen's cabinet deciding upon the expedition to the Crimea in the early months of 1854. Palmsterston, on the right, is seen pointing at the town of Balaclava on a map of the region held open by the Duke of Newcastle. The early set-backs and the controversies over the conduct of operations during the war would further undermine what was an already weak and divided cabinet. In January 1855 Aberdeen resigned and was succeeded by Palmerston, who brought the war to a successful conclusion in 1856.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 711
Events of 1857back to top
Current affairsPalmerston passes the Matrimonial Causes Act in the face of parliamentary opposition. The act establishes divorce courts, although women, unlike men, are not allowed to sue for divorce on the grounds of adultery.
The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition is held, a follow-up to the Great Exhibition of 1851, although highlighting Britain's private art collections rather than industry and technology. More than 1.3 million people visit the event.
Art and scienceElizabeth Gaskell publishes The Life of Charlotte Brontë, a year after the author's death. The controversial biography consolidates the myth of the Brontë sisters as isolated geniuses living in remote Yorkshire.
Illustrator George Scharf becomes the first Secretary of the National Portrait Gallery, overseeing the collection's growth and its several moves around London before a permanent home is established in 1896, the year after Scharf's death.
InternationalThe Indian Revolt was a significant rebellion against the rule of the East Indian Company and a culmination of decades of discontent about British rule. After a year of horrific violence on both sides, the revolt was suppressed. It led to a more involved role by the British government in India, taking over responsibility from the East India Company.
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