2 of 43 portraits by Antoine Claudet
by Antoine Claudet
daguerreotype, circa 1847-1851
2 3/4 in. x 2 3/8 in. (70 mm x 60 mm)
Sitterback to top
- Charles Babbage (1791-1871), Mathematician and computer pioneer. Sitter in 5 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Antoine Claudet (1797-1867), Photographer and inventor. Artist associated with 43 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Victorian Portraits Resource Pack, p. 19
- Cooper, John, Visitor's Guide, 2000, p. 81
- Funnell, Peter, Victorian Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery Collection, 1996, p. 19
- Funnell, Peter (introduction); Marsh, Jan, A Guide to Victorian and Edwardian Portraits, 2011, p. 25 Read entry
Even by the Victorian standards, Charles Babbage (1791-1871) was a formidable polymath. He was a mathematician, scientist and inventor, a political economist and a social reformer. But he is best remembered today as a pioneer of computer technology and the inventor of the calculating machine; the development of his Difference Engine and, later, his Analytical Engine, dominated his life’s work. A native of Lyon, France, Claudet came to England in 1829 and in the 1840s became a leading practitioner of the daguerreotype. Claudet was working with Babbage on various photographic experiments around the time this portrait was taken.
- Hart-Davis, Adam, Chain Reactions, 2000, p. 73
- John Cooper, National Portrait Gallery Visitor's Guide, 2006, p. 81
- Piper, David, The English Face, 1992, p. 201
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 26
Events of 1847back to top
Current affairsThe 10 Hours Factory Act passed, regulating working hours for women and children under the age of eighteen to effectively a maximum of ten hours a day.
The Communist League is founded in London, attended by Friedrich Engels. The League draws up a set of rules and aims, including overthrowing the bourgeoisie and empowering the Proleteriat, and ending class division, forming the basis of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto (1848).