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William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford

by Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
chalk on copper, 1698
15 in. x 12 in. (381 mm x 305 mm)
Purchased, 1918
Primary Collection
NPG 1824

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Seventeenth-century artists such as Edward Lutterell were already experimenting with pastels and coloured chalks before these materials became widely popular. Lutterell was greatly admired for perfecting the art of drawing on the unusual support of copper. He prepared the surface with a fine-toothed mezzotint rocker so it would hold the chalk. This portrait, on copper, depicts the Duke of Bedford at the age of 82, wearing the blue sash of a Knight of the Order of the Garter. The star of the Order is also just visible in the portrait. More detailed information from a catalogue entry by John Ingamells, one of a limited number of entries drafted in 2010 for the incomplete catalogue, Early Stuart Portraits 1625-1685, work on which will be resumed once funding is available.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D20073: William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford (source portrait)
  • NPG D11569: William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford (source portrait)

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 25
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 44

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Events of 1698back to top

Current affairs

The king's residence, Whitehall Palace, is destroyed by fire. The Banqueting House survives.
Issues surrounding the prerogative of the king and size of a standing army during peacetime serve as the principal subjects for debate during the general election. The Whig Junto majority is reduced by resurgent Tory opposition.

Art and science

Anti-theatrical polemicist, Jeremy Collier writes, A Short View, attacking the immorality of the theatre.
John Bunyan's The Heavenly Foot-Man, a sermon on Christian life, is published posthumously.


Instructed by William III, Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle, negotiates with Louis XIV over issues surrounding the Spanish succession. Proposals in the first partition treaty are agreed by both sides.
Peter I of Russia visits England eager to strengthen diplomatic ties with other European countries.

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