The Siege of Gibraltar, 1782
1 portrait of Major Philip Martin
- Extended Catalogue Entry
The Siege of Gibraltar, 1782
by George Carter
gouache on millboard, 1784
16 1/2 in. x 22 in. (419 mm x 559 mm)
Given by Alfred Jones, 1914
Sittersback to top
- Sir Robert Boyd (1710-1794), General. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Colonel Gavin Cochrane. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Colonel Peter Craig (active 1782). Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Lieutenant-Colonel Gustav Friedrich von Dachenhausen. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major-General de la Motte. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major Joseph Eyre. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Colonel George Gledstone. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir William Green, 1st Bt (1725-1811), General. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major George Grove (active 1752), Major. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield (1717-1790), General; defender of Gibraltar. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- Colonel William Hellett. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir Charles Holloway (1749-1827), Major-General. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Ernst August von Hugo (died 1794), Colonel. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Lieutenant-Colonel George Lewis. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major Vaughan Lloyd. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Colonel George Mackenzie (1741-1787), Colonel. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Lieutenant-Colonel William Mackintosh. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major Philip Martin. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Lieutenant-Colonel John Phipps (circa 1735-1798), Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Engineers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major-General William Picton. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Lieutenant-Colonel von Schreppergill (active 1782). Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Colonel Thomas Trigg. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Major Vallotton. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Captain William Wilson (active 1752). Sitter in 1 portrait.
This portraitback to top
Soon after entering the War of Independence on the side of the colonists, the Spanish and French attacked Gibraltar. Their long siege began in July 1779 and was not finally broken until soon after the event shown here: the firing and sinking of the floating Spanish batteries on 14 September 1782. General Eliott, afterwards Lord Heathfield, the Governor of Gibraltar, is seen receiving news of the victory from his aide-de-camp, Major Valloton. This work is a sketch for the large picture at the National Army Museum.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 509
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 713
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1784back to top
Current affairsTheatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours.
Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and scienceAeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.
Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air reveals the composition of water.
Writer Samuel Johnson dies.
Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
InternationalThomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country.
Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence.
William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.