The Lobby of the House of Commons, 1886
The Lobby of the House of Commons, 1886
by Liborio Prosperi ('Lib')
oil on canvas, published in Vanity Fair Christmas Supplement 1886
13 in. x 19 1/4 in. (330 mm x 489 mm)
Artistback to top
- Liborio Prosperi ('Lib') (1854-1928), Cartoonist in Vanity Fair. Artist of 60 portraits.
Sittersback to top
- Charles Bradlaugh (1833-1891), Politician; MP for Northampton and freethinker; founder of National Secular Society. Sitter in 18 portraits.
- John Bright (1811-1889), Statesman and orator. Sitter associated with 95 portraits.
- Joseph ('Joe') Chamberlain (1836-1914), Industrialist and politician; MP for Birmingham. Sitter in 104 portraits.
- Henry Chaplin, 1st Viscount Chaplin (1840-1923), Landowner, racehorse owner and conservative politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter in 27 portraits.
- Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill (1849-1895), Politician; Secretary of State for India and MP for Woodstock and Paddington South. Sitter in 36 portraits.
- Eleazer Denning (circa 1829-1904), Metropolitan Police Inspector, Houses of Parliament. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (1833-1908), Politician and Captain. Sitter in 55 portraits.
- William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Prime Minister and writer. Sitter associated with 320 portraits.
- Ralph Allen Gossett, Deputy Serjeant-at-Arms, House of Commons. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Henry Luke Tite Hansard (1855-1916), Printer to the House of Commons. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Sir William Vernon Harcourt (1827-1904), Lawyer, journalist and Liberal politician; MP for Oxford and Derby, Chancellor of the Exchequer and leader of the British Liberal Party. Sitter in 54 portraits.
- Lord Arthur William Hill (1846-1931), Politician, army officer and Comptroller of the Household. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Henry du Pré Labouchère (1831-1912), Writer, publisher, theatre owner and Liberal politician; MP for Windsor, Middlesex and Northampton. Sitter in 18 portraits.
- Sir George Granville Leveson-Gower (1858-1951), Writer, politician and private secretary to William Gladstone. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Archibald John Scott Milman (1834-1902), Clerk of the House of Commons. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-1891), Politican; land reform agitator and the founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party. Sitter in 15 portraits.
- Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer (1857-1922), Politician, Lord Chamberlain and MP for North Northamptonshire. Sitter in 8 portraits.
This portraitback to top
A chromolithograph after this picture was published in the Vanity Fair Christmas Supplement in 1886. The foreground group includes (left to right) Joseph Chamberlain, Charles Stewart Parnell, W.E. Gladstone, Lord Randolph Churchill and Lord Hartington, (later 8th Duke of Devonshire). John Bright stands third from the left.
Linked publicationsback to top
Placesback to top
- Place portrayed: United Kingdom: England, London (House of Commons, Palace of Westminster, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1886back to top
Current affairsThe Liberals win the election after the Irish Nationalists, including John Dillon, side with them over Home Rule, and Gladstone resumes the seat of Prime Minister. The failure of the first Home Rule Bill divides the Liberal party; those opposed to Home Rule break away to form the Liberal Unionist Party, supporting the Conservatives. This results in a Liberal loss at an emergency election called, and the Marquess of Salisbury becomes Prime Minister for the second time.
Art and scienceThe Severn Tunnel is opened, freeing up the route between London and South Wales.
Pears' soap company buy the copyright to John Millais's painting Bubbles, using it in an iconic and enduringly recognisable advertisement. Millais, however, attracted strong criticism from the art community, who protested against the debasement and commercialisation of art.
InternationalThe American poet Emily Dickinson dies, aged 54. Dickinson wrote over 1,700 poems, which first came to light in 1890, and is recognised as one of America's most important writers.
The Statue of Liberty, designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, is erected on Bedloe's island. The huge copper statue, a gift from the French to the United States to commemorate the centennial of American independence, is an iconic figure of liberty, and America itself.