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Philip Burlton

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Philip Burlton

by George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend
pen and ink, 1751-1758
6 1/4 in. x 9 1/4 in. (157 mm x 235 mm)
Bequeathed by Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer, 1971
Primary Collection
NPG 4855(41)

Sitterback to top

  • Philip Burlton (circa 1714-1790), Army surgeon; patron of the turf; horse breeder, trainer and jockey. Sitter in 1 portrait.

Artistback to top

Events of 1751back to top

Current affairs

Frederick, Prince of Wales dies and is succeeded by his son, later George III, as Prince of Wales.
Third Gin Act requires government inspection of distilleries and restricts sales to licensed premises in an effort to curtail consumption.

Art and science

Thomas Gray publishes his poem Elegy written in a Country Church Yard.
Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.
Eliza Haywood publishes her novel The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless.
William Hogarth publishes his satirical engravings Beer-Street, Gin Lane and The Four Stages of Cruelty.


Robert Clive reopens hostilities with the French in India. He prevails after holding out during the siege of Arcot.
First part of the Encyclopédie - an innovative 28 volume encyclopedia which represented the dominant strains of Enlightenment thinking - is published in France, edited by Diderot.
Swedish chemist Alex Cronstedt identifies nickel as an impurity in copper ore as a separate metallic element.

Tell us more back to top

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23 May 2017, 16:56

The artist, Viscount Townshend was known to Lord EdwardSmith-Stanley who had a keen interest in horse racing. Both were Whigs serving in the coalition government of 1783 under Charles JamesF ox,as was Sir John Lindsay KB. Fox was a member of the Jockey Club and Philip Burlton was known to all parties. And Lord Mansfield was aware of the JockeyClub from its inception in 1750. He also a Whig.


18 May 2017, 14:23

Further to my last entry I can confirm the sitter was a member of the Jockey Club and registered from 1753 to his death in 1790. I was correct he was a horse breeder, trainer and indeed rider! Winning the Oaks in 1784 with his horse Stella. Horace Walpole referred to Philip as "My friend Mr.Burlton". Burlton also trained a colt and a filly: Wickham and The Maid of the Mill where he was domiciled in Essex. He married a widow called
Frances Marston who was given Wickham Mills in Essex as a home by a relative. Philip Burlton was quite a wealthy man and known to the aristocracy of the day.


10 May 2017, 17:41

Only that the sitter is linked to SirJohnLindsay KB,Prince of Arcot. Horseracing is the
link if not horse breeding/training, of which Sir John had an interest. The latter forms part of my research in to his daughter: Dido Elizabet hBelle. I have paperwork linking the two
men together in the late 1780's---SirJohn dies shortly afterwards in June 1788. Sir John is painted twice by his brother-in-law Allan Ramsay of Kinkell.

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