Charles Rousseau Burney
- Extended Catalogue Entry
Charles Rousseau Burney
by Edward Francisco Burney
watercolour and pencil, circa 1775-1780
7 in. x 6 3/4 in. (178 mm x 171 mm)
Given by G. Bellingham-Smith, 1920
Click on the links below to find out more:
Sitterback to top
- Charles Rousseau Burney (1747-1819), Musician; nephew and son-in-law of Charles Burney. Sitter in 1 portrait.
Artistback to top
- Edward Francisco Burney (1760-1848), Artist and cousin of Frances d'Arblay ('Fanny Burney'). Artist associated with 18 portraits, Sitter associated with 1 portrait.
This portraitback to top
The family of Dr Charles Burney, organist, composer and musicologist, formed a distinguished and tightly knit clan. Charles Rousseau Burney, the subject of this drawing, was the son of Robert Burney, Dr Burney's elder brother and a dancing-master at Worcester. In 1770 Charles married his cousin Esther and became Dr Burney's son-in-law as well as his nephew. A child-prodigy on harpsichord and violin, Charles is first recorded as a performer in December 1766 when he played a harpsichord concerto as part of a benefit performance of his uncle's adaptation of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Le Devin du Village. It is probable that he was given his distinctive middle name in homage to the French philosopher. This portrait of Charles playing the violin was made by the artist and book illustrator Edward Francis Burney, Charles's younger brother.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 83
- Rogers, Malcolm, Master Drawings from the National Portrait Gallery, 1993 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 August to 23 October 1994), p. 61
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 91
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 176
Events of 1775back to top
Current affairsAct of Parliament extends inventor James Watt's patent (first granted in 1769) and the first steam engines are built under it.
First known building society - Ketley's Building Society - is established in Birmingham by Richard Ketley, landlord of the Golden Cross Inn.
Art and scienceFirst performance of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play The Rivals at the Covent Garden Theatre in London.
Artist J.M.W. Turner is born.
Satirist James Gillray's first engravings and etchings are published.
Navigator Captain Cook publishes his discovery of a preventive cure against scurvy, in the form of a regular ration of lemon juice.
InternationalWar of American Independence begins with British defeat at Lexington and Concord and lasts until 1783. British achieve a narrow and costly victory over the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Edmund Burke delivers a speech to the British Parliament on conciliation with the American colonies.
First performance of Pierre Beaumarchais' comic opera The Barber of Seville in Paris.
Pope Pius VI succeeds Pope Clement XIV as the 251st pope.