John James Chalon
- Extended Catalogue Entry
John James Chalon
by John Partridge
oil on millboard, 1836
9 7/8 in. x 8 in. (251 mm x 203 mm)
Bequeathed by the widow of the artist's nephew, Sir Bernard Partridge, 1961
Artistback to top
- John Partridge (1789-1872), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 41 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
This portraitback to top
This painting is a study for Partridge's group portrait of members of the Sketching Society, which Chalon co-founded in 1808 with his brother Alfred Edward Chalon and Francis Stevens, to study epic and pastoral design. According to Charles Robert Leslie, 'The members assemble, at six o'clock, at each other's houses in rotation. All the materials for drawing are prepared by the host of the evening, who is, for that night, President. He gives a subject, from which each makes a design. The sketching concludes at ten o'clock, then there is supper, and after that the drawings are reviewed, and remain the property of him at whose house they are made'.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 97
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 112
Events of 1836back to top
Current affairsWilliam Lovett founds the Working Men's Association, the precursor to Chartism, with the aim to achieving equal social and political rights between men of all classes.
A reduction in stamp duty from 4d to 1d helps to keep unstamped newspapers off the street, and leads to wider circulation of legal newspapers.
The first railway line is built in London, connecting to Greenwich and operated by the London Greenwich Railway (LGR).
Art and scienceThe American poet and writer Ralph Waldo Emerson outlines his theory of transcendentalism in Nature, in which he argues for individualism above traditional authority, stressing the infinitude of the private self and the possibility of achieving an original relation to the universe.
The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer publishes On the Will in Nature, a precursor to his famous The World as Will and Representation.
InternationalTexas declares its independence from Mexico following a series of battles, including those at the Alamo and Goliad. Sam Houston is the first president of Texas, serving both in 1836-38 and 1841-44.
The city of Adelaide is founded in Australia, at the mouth of the Torrens river, named in honour of Queen Adelaide, consort of William IV.