Prince Charles Edward Stuart
- Extended Catalogue Entry
Prince Charles Edward Stuart
studio of Antonio David
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1729
25 in. x 19 in. (635 mm x 483 mm)
Sitterback to top
- Prince Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788), Grandson of James II; 'Bonnie Prince Charlie'. Sitter associated with 41 portraits.
This portraitback to top
'Bonnie Prince Charlie', the grandson of James II, was born and educated in Rome. His father, the son of James and his second wife Mary of Modena, had been prevented from acceding to the throne by a group of powerful nobleman who preserved the Protestant succession by offering the crown to Prince William of Orange, later William III. Father and son in turn led their Catholic supporters, the 'Jacobites', and were respectively known as the 'Old Pretender' and the 'Young Pretender'. Prince Charlie's attempted invasion of 1744 was foiled by the English fleet at Dunkirk. A year later he landed in the Hebrides, entered Edinburgh, reached Derby but retreated and was crushed by the Duke of Cumberland at Culloden in 1746. He eventually escaped to France with the help of Flora McDonald. This portrait shows him at about nine years old and is one of a series painted over the years in Rome for his father. More detailed information on this portrait is available in a National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue, John Kerslake's Early Georgian Portraits (1977, out of print).
Related worksback to top
- NPG 435: Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York (companion portrait)
Linked publicationsback to top
Events of 1729back to top
Current affairsCommittee of the House of Commons appointed to enquire into the state of Britain's gaols.
Opening of the first Putney Bridge; the only fixed crossing of the River Thames between London Bridge and Kingston Bridge at the time.
Tornado destroys buildings in Sussex and Kent
Art and scienceChiswick House in London, a pioneering example of English Palladian revival architecture, is designed by its owner Richard Boyle with the help of the architect William Kent.
Jonathan Swift publishes A Modest Proposal; a satirical attack on attitudes towards the poor and Irish policy more generally.
InternationalBenjamin Franklin prints, publishes and largely writes the weekly Pennsylvania Gazette, which soon becomes the most successful newspaper in the colonies.
Treaty of Seville seals peace between Britain and Spain.
King Frederick IV of Denmark charters the Danish East India Company.
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