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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

1 of 84 portraits of Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, studio of Allan Ramsay, 1761-1762 - NPG 224 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, 1761-1762
58 1/4 in. x 42 1/2 in. (1480 mm x 1080 mm)
Purchased, 1866
Primary Collection
NPG 224

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Allan Ramsay (1713-1784), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 120 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.

This portraitback to top

The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, Charlotte first met George III on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English, for the first part of her marriage she felt alienated from her husband's court but eventually forged a strong and affectionate bond with the King which lasted until his second bout of 'madness' in 1804. She took no part in politics, lived a life of unimpeachable domesticity, and had fifteen children.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 223: King George III (companion portrait)
  • NPG D48151: Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (source portrait)
  • NPG x38434: Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess of Russia; Queen Mary; King George V ()
  • NPG 6273: Unknown man, possibly George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland ()
  • NPG 5077: Anne Hyde, Duchess of York; King James II ()
  • NPG x199578: Queen Elizabeth II; Princess Anne; Prince Charles ()
  • NPG x199579: Queen Elizabeth II; Prince Charles ()
  • NPG x35390: Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG 1250: Queen Victoria ()
  • NPG x199581: Queen Elizabeth II; Princess Anne; Prince Charles ()
  • NPG x29567: Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG 4980(13): King Henry VII ()
  • NPG 4691: King Charles II ()
  • NPG x17071: Winston Churchill ()
  • NPG x35372: Prince Charles; Diana, Princess of Wales ()
  • NPG P1821: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge ('Engagement Portrait') ()
  • NPG 4980(15): Anne Boleyn ()
  • NPG 6113: Princess Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine ()
  • NPG x134742: Queen Victoria with her family ()
  • NPG x131271: Royal mourning group, 1862 ()
  • NPG P1989: Prince Charles ()
  • NPG 6804: Lady Jane Grey ()
  • NPG 5408: Diana, Princess of Wales ()
  • NPG 214: Mary of Modena ()
  • NPG x29583: Princess Anne and Prince Charles ()
  • NPG x199580: Prince Charles; Princess Anne; Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG x32733: Princess Anne; Prince Charles; Queen Elizabeth II; Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh ()
  • NPG P149: John Brown ()
  • NPG x196307: Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale; Queen Victoria ()
  • NPG 4706: Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG x126246: Diana, Princess of Wales ()
  • NPG 548: King James I of England and VI of Scotland ()
  • NPG x30570: Queen Alexandra; Queen Victoria; King Edward VII ()
  • NPG P273: Wallis, Duchess of Windsor; Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (King Edward VIII) ()
  • NPG 4940: Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick ()
  • NPG x136885: King George V visiting the Red Cross War Hospital, Torquay ()
  • NPG x29864: Prince Charles; Diana, Princess of Wales ()
  • NPG P729: Wallis, Duchess of Windsor; Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (King Edward VIII) ()
  • NPG D20925: The Queen and Prince Albert at Home ()
  • NPG 514: Oliver Cromwell ()
  • NPG L214: King George VI ()
  • NPG x135624: Queen Alexandra; Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife ()
  • NPG x158918: The wedding of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother ()
  • NPG 3905: Sir Francis Drake ()
  • NPG 1026: King William III ()
  • NPG x26101: Queen Victoria; Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha ()
  • NPG 6725: Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland with her son, probably Charles FitzRoy, as the Virgin and Child ()
  • NPG x128062: Lucian Freud; Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG 5389: King George IV ()
  • NPG x25290: The official Silver Wedding group photograph of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh ()
  • NPG x38284: Queen Victoria ()
  • NPG P200: Queen Elizabeth II; Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother; Princess Margaret ()
  • NPG P926: Pamela Stanley (Lady Cunynghame) as Queen Victoria in 'Victoria Regina' ()
  • NPG 290: King Henry VII ()
  • NPG D8115: Alice Frederica Keppel (née Edmonstone) ()
  • NPG P717(16): 'Diana, Princess of Wales with her sons' ()
  • NPG x200058: Princess Margaret ()
  • NPG P1665: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh; Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG x17460: Queen Alexandra ()
  • NPG 6876: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Prince Harry ()
  • NPG x34846: Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG D1306: The execution of King Charles I ()
  • NPG 3938: John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute ()
  • NPG x47140: Royal Group including King George V and four of his children ()
  • NPG x34855: Queen Elizabeth II ()
  • NPG L246: Katherine of Aragon ()

Linked publicationsback to top

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1761back to top

Current affairs

George, Prince of Wales marries Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz at St James' Palace. He is crowned George III two weeks later.
Buckingham House, on the site of present-day Buckingham Palace, is purchased for the royal family.
Bridgewater canal, engineered by James Brindley, opens as Britain's first canal.

Art and science

Establishment of Matthew Boulton's toy factory, the Soho Manufactory, near Birmingham; considered the first modern factory in Britain.
Allan Ramsay becomes Painter to the King.


Seven Years' War: General Sir Eyre Coote captures Pondicherry from the French in India. A combined Prussian-Hanoverian-British force led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats a large French army at the Battle of Villinghausen. France and Spain sign the Pacte de Famille forming an alliance against Britain. Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder fails to garner support to declare war on Spain.

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