Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, studio of Allan Ramsay, 1761-1762 - NPG 224 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, 1761-1762
58 1/4 in. x 42 1/2 in. (1480 mm x 1080 mm)
Purchased, 1866
Primary Collection
NPG 224

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Allan Ramsay (1713-1784), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 120 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.

This portraitback to top

The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, Charlotte first met George III on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English, for the first part of her marriage she felt alienated from her husband's court but eventually forged a strong and affectionate bond with the King which lasted until his second bout of 'madness' in 1804. She took no part in politics, lived a life of unimpeachable domesticity, and had fifteen children.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 223: King George III (companion portrait)
  • NPG D48151: Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (source portrait)
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Linked publicationsback to top

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1761back to top

Current affairs

George, Prince of Wales marries Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz at St James' Palace. He is crowned George III two weeks later.
Buckingham House, on the site of present-day Buckingham Palace, is purchased for the royal family.
Bridgewater canal, engineered by James Brindley, opens as Britain's first canal.

Art and science

Establishment of Matthew Boulton's toy factory, the Soho Manufactory, near Birmingham; considered the first modern factory in Britain.
Allan Ramsay becomes Painter to the King.


Seven Years' War: General Sir Eyre Coote captures Pondicherry from the French in India. A combined Prussian-Hanoverian-British force led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats a large French army at the Battle of Villinghausen. France and Spain sign the Pacte de Famille forming an alliance against Britain. Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder fails to garner support to declare war on Spain.

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