12 of 224 portraits of Oliver Cromwell
- Extended Catalogue Entry
by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask, possibly late 17th century
14 5/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (370 mm x 200 mm) overall
Given by Frankland family, 1957
Sitterback to top
- Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England. Sitter associated with 224 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Cooper, John, Great Britons: The Great Debate, 2002, p. 63 Read entry
The existence of so many death masks is one measure of the spell cast by Cromwell's reputation. One of the most authentic, probably made some ten to fourteen days after his death, is held by the Ashmolean Museum; the one illustrated was cast from it. Experts tell us that the excess of facial hair can partly be accounted for by posthumous growth.
- Cooper, John, Oliver the First: Contemporary Images of Oliver Cromwell, 1999, p. 20
- Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 94
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 156
Events of 1670back to top
Current affairsCharles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds.
Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and scienceTragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum.
Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
InternationalTerms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.
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