Sir George Howard Darwin
1 of 3 portraits by Gwen Raverat
Sir George Howard Darwin
by Gwen Raverat
watercolour laid down on card, circa 1900s
13 3/4 in. x 10 in. (349 mm x 254 mm)
Given by the sitter's widow, 1925
Sitterback to top
- Sir George Howard Darwin (1845-1912), Mathematician and astronomer; son of Charles Darwin. Sitter in 3 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Gwendolen ('Gwen') Raverat (née Darwin) (1885-1957), Artist; wood engraver. Artist of 3 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The son of Charles Darwin, the famous naturalist, George Howard Darwin became a distinguished mathematician and astronomer. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, he became a fellow of the college and was later appointed Plumian professor of astronomy and experimental science (1883-1912). An authority on many scientific subjects, he is seen in this portrait by his daughter Gwendolen with a portable writing slope on his lap. Gwen Raverat, as she was known after her marriage to Jacques Pierre Raverat in 1911, studied at the Slade and is best known as a wood engraver but also painted and produced theatre designs.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 165
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1900back to top
Current affairsThe Conservatives return to power, after the Prime Minister Lord Salisbury calls a general election, known as the 'Khaki election', on the back of huge jingoistic support for the Boer War.
The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) is founded from a coalition of socialist groups; they win two seats in the 1900 election and Ramsay Macdonald is appointed secretary. The Labour politician Keir Hardie is also returned to Parliament for Merthyr Tydfilin Wales.
Art and scienceGerman physicist Max Planck proposes the concept of the quantum theory. Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams is published. In the text, Freud outlines his theory of dream analysis, crucial to the study of the unconscious, and introduces key concepts in psychoanalysis, such as the Ego.
The Paris International Exhibition, attended by more than 50 million people and including over 76,000 exhibitors, marks the heyday of Art Nouveau.
InternationalIn China the Boxer rebellion takes place. The Boxers were anti-imperialist and against foreign influence in trade, religion, politics and technology in the final years of the Manchu rule. The Boxers invade Beijing, killing 230 foreigners and Chinese Christians. The rebellion is suppressed by a multinational coalition of 20,000 troops, with China being forced to pay large war reparations, contributing to growing nationalist resentment against the Qing dynasty.
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