Sir John Fielding
- Extended Catalogue Entry
Sir John Fielding
by Nathaniel Hone
oil on canvas, 1762
49 in. x 39 1/2 in. (1245 mm x 1003 mm)
Given by friends of, Charles F. Bell, 1952
Sitterback to top
- Sir John Fielding (1721-1780), Magistrate and social reformer. Sitter in 10 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Nathaniel Hone (1718-1784), Portrait and miniature painter. Artist associated with 56 portraits, Sitter in 9 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Fielding, a magistrate, was the son of a general and the half brother of the magistrate and renowned novelist Henry Fielding. The brothers worked together to raise the standards of honesty and competence amongst those engaged in the administration of justice. John is shown here with one hand holding a document, which is thought to represent one of several which he and his brother wrote suggesting improvements in the law, and the other resting on two volumes, a law book and a Bible. The black band on his forehead was there to let others know that he was blind; it is said that Fielding knew more than three thousand London thieves by their voices.
Related worksback to top
Linked publicationsback to top
- Audio Guide
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 159
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 217
Events of 1762back to top
Current affairsBirth of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV) on 12 August.
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle resigns as Prime Minister over foreign policy and is succeeded by the Tory John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Many of Newcastle's followers are dismissed over the following months in what becomes popularly known as the 'Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents'.
'Cock Lane ghost' appears in Smithfield, London.
Art and scienceJames MacPherson publishes Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem, said to be the work of the third century Scottish bard Ossian, initiating the greatest literary hoax of the century.
Sign-Painters Exhibition is organised in London by Bonnell Thornton to ridicule recently established public art exhibitions.
Artist William Hogarth publishes The Times Plate 1; an anti-war satire.
InternationalPhilosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his major works The Social Contract and Emile; influential treatises on society and education. Peter III of Russia is reputedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife Catherine, who succeeds him to the throne as Catherine II (later the Great).
Seven Years' War: The British commander John Manners Marquess of Granby distinguishes himself at the Battle of Manila.