James Anthony Froude
James Anthony Froude
by Sir George Reid
oil on canvas, 1881
13 5/8 in. x 9 1/4 in. (346 mm x 235 mm)
Sitterback to top
- James Anthony Froude (1818-1894), Historian and editor of 'Fraser's Magazine'. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Sir George Reid (1841-1913), Portrait and landscape painter. Artist associated with 15 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Born near Totnes in Devon and educated at Oxford, Froude became a fellow of Exeter College in 1842. In 1849 his book The Nemesis of Faith was burnt by the sub-rector and Froude resigned his fellowship. A follower of Thomas Carlyle, between 1856-70 Froude published his account of the History of England during the sixteenth century. The frame to this portrait is an enriched fluted pattern of French origin, one of four designs favoured by the artist.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Foister, Susan, Cardinal Newman 1801-90, 1990 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 2 March - 20 May 1990), p. 64
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 232
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 66, 176
Events of 1881back to top
Current affairsBenjamin Disraeli dies of bronchitis. He refuses a state funeral and is buried next to his wife, Mary Ann Viscountess Beaconsfield.
Gladstone's Irish Land Act is passed in a bid to stop violence carried out by the republican Land League, conducted in protest at the 1870 Land Act.
Henry Mayers Hyndman forms the Marxist Democratic Federation.
Art and scienceThe Natural History Museum is opened on Exhibition Road, South Kensington. The museum, a landmark gothic design by the architect Alfred Waterhouse, was built to house specimens from the natural sciences, previously in the British Museum's collection. Today, the museum comprises of over 70 million items, and is a world-renowned research centre.
InternationalAlexander II is assassinated in a bomb attack by members of a left-wing revolutionary movement. He was succeeded by his son, Tsar Alexander III.
US President James Garfield is shot by Charles Guiteau.
The first Anglo-Boer war ends. The war is started by a Boer uprising, as the British had annexed the Transvaal in 1877. Following Britain's defeat at the Battle of Majuba Hill, a truce is signed giving the Boers self-government and later independence.