- Extended Catalogue Entry
by Francis Wheatley
oil on panel, 1780
11 1/4 in. x 9 5/8 in. (286 mm x 244 mm)
Given by executors of Doyne Courtenay Bell, 1888
Artistback to top
- Francis Wheatley (1747-1801), Painter. Artist associated with 8 portraits, Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
This portraitback to top
This sketch is for Wheatley's large painted view of the Irish House of Commons on the occasion when Grattan opened the celebrated debate on the motion, 'That the people of Ireland are of right an independent nation'.
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Events of 1780back to top
Current affairsAnti-Catholic mob led by Lord George Gordon marches on Parliament to protest against the Catholic Relief Act, leading to the outbreak of the Gordon Riots in London. Six days of rioting are ended by the intervention of troops, with 285 people shot dead.
Dunning's Motion in Parliament attacks the influence of the crown, suggesting that it has increased and ought to be diminished.
Art and scienceRoyal Academy moves to Somerset House on The Strand, London.
Mrs E. Johnson's British Gazette and Sunday Monitor, the first Sunday newspaper in Britain, begins publication.
Potter Josiah Wedgwood invents the pyrometer; a device used for measuring high temperatures.
InternationalAmerican War of Independence: British troops under Charles Cornwallis defeat American army under Horatio Gates at Camden, South Carolina. The capture of British army officer and spy John André yields proof that US general Benedict Arnold is in the pay of the British. André is executed in as a spy.
Second Anglo-Mysore War in India between Hyder Ali and the East India Company.
Bolshoi Theatre of opera and ballet is founded in Moscow.