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Henrietta Maria

1 of 88 portraits of Henrietta Maria

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Henrietta Maria

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
oil on canvas, 17th century, based on a work of circa 1632-1635
43 in. x 32 1/2 in. (1092 mm x 826 mm)
Purchased, 1867
Primary Collection
NPG 227

Sitterback to top

  • Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), Queen of Charles I. Sitter associated with 88 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1022 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

This portraitback to top

The youngest daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de Médicis, Henrietta Maria married Charles I in 1625. She gave the King loyal and loving support, but her Catholicism alienated many of her English subjects. She contributed much practical assistance during the Civil War by personally bringing munitions from France and pawning her jewellery to raise funds.

Related worksback to top

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Bennett, Sue, Five Centuries of Women and Gardens, 2000 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 October 2000 to 21 January 2001), p. 29
  • Cannadine, Sir David (Introduction); Cooper, Tarnya; Stewart, Louise; MacGibbon, Rab; Cox, Paul; Peltz, Lucy; Moorhouse, Paul; Broadley, Rosie; Jascot-Gill, Sabina ., Tudors to Windsors: British Royal Portraits, 2018 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, USA, 7 October 2018 -3 February 2019. Bendigo Art Gallery, Australia, 16 March - 14 July 2019.), p. 116 Read entry

    The devoted wife of Charles I, the French queen consort Henrietta Maria was unpopular with many in England for her Roman Catholicism. She was painted many times by van Dyck; this was one of his most popular poses, the position of her arms cradling her stomach probably suggesting pregnancy.

  • Díaz Padrón, Matías, Van Dyck en España / Mati´as Di´az Padro´n; con la colaboración de Jahel Sanzsalazar y Ana Diéguez Rodríguez., 2012, p. 633
  • John Cooper, National Portrait Gallery Visitor's Guide, 2006, p. 28
  • Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 161
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 295
  • Williamson, David, Kings and Queens, 2010, p. 112
  • Williamson, David, The National Portrait Gallery: History of the Kings and Queens of England, 1998, p. 113

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1632back to top

Current affairs

The death of diplomat Dudley Carleton, Viscount Dorchester, who favoured military action against Spain rather than a peace deal, allows the peace party at court to assert itself during Charles I's period of personal rule.
Charles I revives medieval forest laws to raise income.

Art and science

Poet and courtier, Endymion Porter, is instrumental in bringing Dutch artist, Anthony Van Dyck, to England. Months after his arrival, Van Dyck is appointed court painter by Charles I and given a knighthood.
The Second Folio of William Shakespeare's plays is published.

International

Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, is made lord deputy of Ireland. His efficient governance and vigorous administration quickly returns considerable sums of money to England.
Charles I issues a charter for the colony of Maryland which would became a haven for Catholics in the New World.

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