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Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt

1 of 8 portraits of Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt

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Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt

by Thomas Simon
silver medal, 1645
1 1/4 in. (32 mm) diameter
Purchased, 1964
Primary Collection
NPG 4364

Sitterback to top

  • Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt (1589-1645), Parliamentarian army officer and politician; MP for Beverley. Sitter in 8 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Thomas Simon (1618-1665), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 24 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.

Linked publicationsback to top

Events of 1645back to top

Current affairs

First proposed by Sir WiIliam Waller, the New Model Army, the first national army consisting of full-time soldiers, is recruited by Parliament. Under the leadership of Thomas Fairfax, Commander-in-Chief, the Army decisively wins the battles of Naseby and Langport against the Royalists.
Archbishop William Laud is beheaded for treason.


Art and science

Alexander Ross, clergyman and philosopher publishes The Philosophical Touch-Stone, an important refutation of the unorthodox Aristotelianism expounded by Sir Kenelm Digby in his Two Treaties.
Physician Daniel Whistler, presents his thesis on rickets at the Dutch university of Leiden, the first printed text on the disease.

International

Charles I commissions Edward Somerset, Marquess of Worcester, to secretly negotiate with Irish Confederates. For generous concessions the Confederates would raise an army to fight against parliamentarians. Ongoing, complex negotiations secure the signing of two treaties but the king eventually disavows the agreements and repudiates Somerset.

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