© National Portrait Gallery, London
Charles Samuel Keene
by Charles Samuel Keene
pen and ink, circa 1885
5 1/2 in. x 3 1/8 in. (139 mm x 79 mm)
- Charles Samuel Keene (1823-1891), Illustrator and etcher. Sitter in 11 portraits, Artist of 3 portraits.
- Charles Samuel Keene (1823-1891), Illustrator and etcher. Artist of 3 portraits, Sitter in 11 portraits.
Redistribution Act; continues Gladstone's extensive package of electoral reform, although his Liberal government is later defeated when the Irish Nationalists, seeking support for Home Rule, side with the Conservatives over a budget measure. The Marquess of Salisbury is invited to form a 'caretaker' government.
Art and scienceThe Dictionary of National Biography
is first published quarterly, under the editorship of Leslie Stephen, and sub-editorship of Sidney Lee. Volume 63 completed the work in 1900. Setting new standards in life writing, the DNB
exemplified the form of the brief biography, formalising a style and approach to writing lives, based on Stephen's guiding principles of selection and presentation in 'business-like form'.
The death of the famous General Charles Gordon sparks outrage in Britain. Sent to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum, threatened by Sudanese rebels under Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi, Khartoum quickly came under siege, and Gordon is killed and beheaded two days before the relief force arrived. The British public proclaimed Gordon a martyr, and attacked government, particularly Gladstone, for not relieving British forces earlier.