John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes
John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes
by Gwen Raverat
pen and ink and watercolour, circa 1908
11 in. x 14 1/2 in. (279 mm x 368 mm)
Given by the sitter's sister, Margaret Neville Hill (née Keynes), 1967
Artistback to top
- Gwendolen ('Gwen') Raverat (née Darwin) (1885-1957), Artist; wood engraver. Artist of 3 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The most influential figure in twentieth-century economic theory and practice, John Maynard Keynes was the editor of the Economic Journal (1912-45) and the author of The Economic Consequences of the Peace, A Treatise on Money (1930) and the General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. Closely connected with the Bloomsbury group, he married the Russian ballerina, Lydia Lopokova, in 1925. This informal drawing of him reading is thought to show him when he was in his mid-twenties before he had the appendicitis which caused him to gain weight. It is by Gwen Raverat, a childhood friend of the artist, whose sister Margaret married Keynes's brother Geoffrey. Given by the sitter's sister, Mrs Margaret Hill, 1967.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Rogers, Malcolm, Master Drawings from the National Portrait Gallery, 1993 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 August to 23 October 1994), p. 147
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery: An Illustrated Guide, 2000, p. 175
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery, 1997, p. 175 Read entry
This informal drawing of Maynard Keynes is thought to show him in his mid-twenties, before he had appendicitis, after which he grew much fatter. It is by Gwen Raverat, who was born a Darwin, grew up in the house that is now Darwin College, Cambridge, and was a friend of Maynard Keynes from their childhood. Indeed, her sister Margaret married Keynes' brother Geoffrey. So this watercolour, as well as being a nicely relaxed image of the great writer on economics, is also a record of that circle of high-thinking and interbreeding families in Cambridge, whom the academic Noel Annan has decribed as an intellectual aristocracy.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 352
- Spalding, Frances, The Bloomsbury Group, 2013, p. 85
- Spalding, Frances, Insights: The Bloomsbury Group, 2005, p. 74
- Tinker, Christopher, Speak its Name! - Quotations by and about Gay Men and Women, 2016, p. 62
Events of 1908back to top
Current affairsHenry Asquith replaces Henry Campbell-Bannerman as Liberal leader and Prime Minister, with David Lloyd George taking control of the Exchequer. Asquith and Lloyd George embark on a bold programme of social reform, laying the foundations of the Welfare State, introducing government pensions this year and later a system of National Insurance.
The first aeroplane for the British army is built by the American, Samuel Cody.
Art and scienceE.M. Forster's novel A Room with a View is published, following the experiences of a young woman, Lucy Honeychurch, in the repressed culture of Edwardian England.
The French art critic Louis Vauxcelles first uses the term 'cubism' to refer to a landscape painting by Georges Braque.
InternationalKing Carlos of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe, are killed by assassins from the Republican trying to provoke a revolution. Carlos I, unpopular because of his extravagant lifestyle and extramarital affairs, was succeeded by his younger son, Manuel, the last monarch of the Braganza dynasty.
Following the death of the Guangxu Emperor in China, his two year old nephew replaces him, becoming the the last Manchu emperor of China.
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