11 of 262 portraits by Thomas Gainsborough
- Extended Catalogue Entry
by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1774-1775
29 7/8 in. x 24 5/8 in. (759 mm x 626 mm)
Given by Sir Henry Yule, 1888
Sitterback to top
- Stringer Lawrence (1697-1775), Known as the 'Father of the Indian army'. Sitter in 4 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788), Portrait and landscape painter. Artist associated with 262 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Perhaps painted as late as 1774, when Gainsborough left Bath for London, or in 1775, the year Lawrence died. In any event, it shows him late in life, in his seventies.
More detailed information on this portrait is available in a National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue, John Kerslake's Early Georgian Portraits (1977, out of print).
Linked publicationsback to top
- Bayly, Christopher, The Raj: India and the British 1600-1947, 1990 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 19 October 1990 - 17 March 1991), p. 92
- Kerslake, John, Early Georgian Portraits, 1977, p. 164
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 368
Events of 1774back to top
Current affairsPhilanthropist and reformer John Howard is called before the House of Commons Select Committee to give evidence on the shocking conditions in prisons across the country.
Young Tahitian Omai arrives in England after making contact with Captain James Cook on his second voyage. He is introduced into London Society by Joseph Banks and is much admired.
Coercive or 'Intolerable' Acts are passed in response to the crisis in the American colonies.
Art and sciencePhilosopher and chemist Joseph Priestley isolates oxygen in the form of a gas.
Artist Thomas Gainsborough moves from Bath to set up a studio in London.
Royal Crescent, Bath, designed by John Wood the Younger, is completed.
Methodist preacher John Wesley publishes his pamphlet Thoughts Upon Slavery which argues against slavery.
InternationalJohann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes his romantic novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther, bringing him an immediate European reputation.
In retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, the port of Boston is closed under the first of the British government's Coercive Acts. Delegates from twelve American colonies meet in Philadelphia and agree not to import any goods from Britain.
Death of Louis XV of France. Louis XVI succeeds.
- Gainsborough's Family Album
From 23 February