Violet Florence Martin
1 portrait of Violet Florence Martin
Violet Florence Martin
by Edith Anna Oenone Somerville
oil on panel, 1886
8 1/2 in. x 5 1/4 in. (216 mm x 133 mm)
Sitterback to top
- Violet Florence Martin (1862-1915), Novelist; wrote under the pseudonym Martin Ross and with Edith Somerville as Somerville and Ross. Sitter in 1 portrait.
Artistback to top
- Edith Anna Oenone Somerville (1858-1949), Artist and writer; wrote under the collaborative pseudonym 'Somerville and Ross' with Violet Martin. Artist of 1 portrait.
This portraitback to top
Edith Somerville made this portrait of her cousin, the author Violet Martin, in her riding habit at the start of what became a lifelong friendship. Begun on 27 February 1886, it was painted at Drishane, the Somervilles' house at Castle Townshend in Ireland.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 414
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1886back to top
Current affairsThe Liberals win the election after the Irish Nationalists, including John Dillon, side with them over Home Rule, and Gladstone resumes the seat of Prime Minister. The failure of the first Home Rule Bill divides the Liberal party; those opposed to Home Rule break away to form the Liberal Unionist Party, supporting the Conservatives. This results in a Liberal loss at an emergency election called, and the Marquess of Salisbury becomes Prime Minister for the second time.
Art and scienceThe Severn Tunnel is opened, freeing up the route between London and South Wales.
Pears' soap company buy the copyright to John Millais's painting Bubbles, using it in an iconic and enduringly recognisable advertisement. Millais, however, attracted strong criticism from the art community, who protested against the debasement and commercialisation of art.
InternationalThe American poet Emily Dickinson dies, aged 54. Dickinson wrote over 1,700 poems, which first came to light in 1890, and is recognised as one of America's most important writers.
The Statue of Liberty, designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, is erected on Bedloe's island. The huge copper statue, a gift from the French to the United States to commemorate the centennial of American independence, is an iconic figure of liberty, and America itself.
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