Queen Mary I
3 of 50 portraits of Queen Mary I
Queen Mary I
by Hans Eworth
oil on panel, 1554
8 1/2 in. x 6 5/8 in. (216 mm x 169 mm)
Purchased with help from the Art Fund, the Pilgrim Trust, H.M. Government, Miss Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, 1972
Sitterback to top
- Queen Mary I (1516-1558), Reigned 1553-58; daughter of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon. Sitter associated with 50 portraits.
This portraitback to top
This portrait was based on a sitting from the life in 1554. When he first met Mary, Philip II of Spain is said to have cursed those who had painted her for having exaggerated her attractions. Recent technical analysis has revealed a small inscription, HE, painted onto the top left corner of the portrait.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Tudor Portraits Resource Pack, p. 22
- National Portrait Gallery: 100 Portraits, p. 22
- 100 Pioneering Women, p. 21
- Bolland, Charlotte; Cooper, Tarnya, The Real Tudors: Kings and Queens Rediscovered, 2014 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 12th September 2014 to 1st March 2015), p. 116
- Bolland, Charlotte; Cooper, Tarnya, The Real Tudors: Kings and Queens Rediscovered, 2014 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 12th September 2014 to 1st March 2015), pp. 122-125
- Cooper, John, Visitor's Guide, 2000, p. 21
- Cooper, Tarnya; Fraser, Antonia (foreword), A Guide to Tudor and Jacobean Portraits, 2012, p. 32
- Gittings, Clare, The National Portrait Gallery Book of The Tudors, 2006, p. 16
- John Cooper, National Portrait Gallery Visitor's Guide, 2006, p. 21
- MacLeod, Catharine, Tudor Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery Collection, 1996, p. 22
- Ribeiro, Aileen, The Gallery of Fashion, 2000, p. 37
- Ribeiro, Aileen; Blackman, Cally, A Portrait of Fashion: Six Centuries of Dress at the National Portrait Gallery, 2015, p. 49
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 416
- Various contributors, National Portrait Gallery: A Portrait of Britain, 2014, p. 43
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- The Real Tudors: Kings and Queens Rediscovered (12 September 2014 - 1 March 2015)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1554back to top
Current affairsSir Thomas Wyatt the Younger leads a rebellion against the Catholic Queen Mary. 4,000 men march from Kent to London, where the rebellion is crushed and Wyatt executed. Princess Elizabeth is imprisoned in the Tower of London, but found innocent of treason.
Lady Jane Grey is executed.
Queen Mary I marries Philip of Spain at Winchester. Parliament passes the Second Act of Repeal reuniting the English and Roman Catholic Churches.
Art and scienceGerlach Flicke paints the earliest surviving self-portrait in oils produced in England.
The Italian architect Andrea Palladio published L'Antichita di Roma (The Antiquities of Rome), which remains the standard text on the subject for 300 years.
InternationalBattle of Marciano - Sienese-French forces defeated by a Florentine-Imperial army. The defeat leads to the end of Siena's independence from Florence.
The Portuguese Jesuit Manoel de Nobrega founds São Paulo, the first European settlement in inland Brazil.