by Sir Charles Holroyd
bronze medal, circa 1905
2 1/4 in. (57 mm) diameter
Given by the artist's widow, Lady Fanny Holroyd, 1923
Artistback to top
- Sir Charles Holroyd (1861-1917), Painter and Director of the National Gallery. Artist of 3 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
This portraitback to top
This may be the medal of George Meredith exhibited by Charles Holroyd in 1902, when it was described as 'a very artistic likeness - tender and dignified'. Holroyd studied at the Slade School of Art under Legros (1880-4). His influence is evident in this small soft-textured bronze medal of the Victorian poet and novelist. Although better known for his etchings, Holroyd also began to practise as a medallist around 1900. Another cast of the medal in the Tate collection was exhibited at the Royal Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts in 1905. In this sympathetic portrait, the artist clearly delights in defining the structure of Meredith's face and modelling his gently curling hair.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 427
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1905back to top
Current affairsFollowing turmoil over the issue of Free Trade, Balfour resigns and calls an election, believing that the Liberals will be defeated. However, he is mistaken and Henry Campbell-Bannerman replaces him as the Liberal government Prime Minister.
The foundation of the Ulster Unionist Council, established to campaign against Home Rule, marks the birth of the Ulster Unionist party in Northern Ireland with the Duke of Abercorn as the first elected president.
Art and scienceThe Bloomsbury group of artists and intellectuals begin to hold informal gatherings at the home of Vanessa and Virginia Stephen. The group includes the artist Duncan Grant, biographer Lytton Strachey, and the art critics Clive Bell and Roger Fry.
The German theoretical physicist Albert Einstein has his 'annus mirabilis', publishing groundbreaking papers on the nature of light and motion, including his relation of mass and energy in the equation e = mc2.
InternationalMassacre of more than 100 workers at a peaceful demonstration by troops in St Petersburg becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'. The event sparks the 1905 Revolution, with uprisings and peasant revolts in other cities, leading the Tsar to issue the October Manifesto, pledging moderate reform, including the establishment of an elected 'duma' (government), which only partially appeases imperial opposition. Still fighting Japan, the internal agitation weakens the imperial army.
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