Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt
- Extended Catalogue Entry
Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt
by George Frederic Watts
oil on canvas, 1871
25 1/2 in. x 20 1/2 in. (648 mm x 521 mm)
Purchased with help from the Art Fund, 1948
Sitterback to top
- Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt (1829-1896), Painter and President of the Royal Academy; ex-officio Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 76 portraits, Artist associated with 41 portraits.
Artistback to top
- George Frederic Watts (1817-1904), Painter and sculptor; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 92 portraits, Sitter in 43 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Smartify image discovery app
- Hulme, Graham; Buchanan, Brian; Powell, Kenneth, The National Portrait Gallery: An Architectural History, 2000, p. 48
- Marsh, Jan, The Pre-Raphaelite Circle, 2013, p. 36 Read entry
By this date, Millais had relinquished his PRB principles to chart a new artistic course in keeping with the English School of Gainsborough and the once-reviled Reynolds. He was also one of the most photographed celebrities of the day. Watts's portrait, recruiting him into the Victorian pantheon, features his still handsome profile.
- Marsh, Jan, Insights: The Pre-Raphaelite Circle, 2005, p. 35
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 430
Events of 1871back to top
Current affairsGladstone's first ministry continues with its programme of reform, with an overhaul of the civil service which is opened to public examination. The University Test Acts allow non-members of the Church of England to hold posts at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The Trade Union Act granted full legal status to trade union organisations, although the Criminal Law Amendment Act banned picketing.
The first FA Cup competition is held.
Art and scienceThe Penny Farthing, the first efficient bicycle, is invented by British engineer, James Starley.
The artist James Whistler paints a portrait of his mother, calling the nearly monochromatic portrait Arrangement in Grey and Black. Although now one of Whistler's most recognisable paintings, it was nearly rejected by the Royal Academy at first.
InternationalFrance's shock defeat against Prussia radically alters Europe's status quo, leading to the deposition of Napoleon III and the creation of France's Third Republic, as well as Germany's unification and rise in military power and imperialist ambitions, as the Prussian King William I is pronounced Emperor of Germany. Further, Germany's annexing of the French regions Alsace and Lorraine provoked bitter land disputes which contributed to the outbreak of the First World War.
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