Sir Robert Phelips
Sir Robert Phelips
attributed to Hendrik Gerritsz. Pot
oil on canvas, 1632
32 3/4 in. x 27 3/4 in. (832 mm x 705 mm)
Given by Charles E. Russell, 1951
This portraitback to top
Robert Phelips was knighted in 1603 and served as an MP for East Looe from 1604-11. He was one of the men who took a leading part against Charles I in Parliament. He was also anti-Catholic and vigorously opposed the proposed marriage between Charles and the Infanta, for which he earnt the enmity of James I. In this portrait painted in 1632 Phelips holds a piece of paper on which is written 'Mr Egertons Petitio(n). Read and referred to the Committee for Courts of Justice'. This refers to the proceedings of the committee, of which Phelips was chairman, inquiring into the charges of bribery brought against Francis Bacon, Viscount St Albans, in 1621. Egerton was one of the chief witnesses for the prosecution.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 491
Events of 1632back to top
Current affairsThe death of diplomat Dudley Carleton, Viscount Dorchester, who favoured military action against Spain rather than a peace deal, allows the peace party at court to assert itself during Charles I's period of personal rule.
Charles I revives medieval forest laws to raise income.
Art and sciencePoet and courtier, Endymion Porter, is instrumental in bringing Dutch artist, Anthony Van Dyck, to England. Months after his arrival, Van Dyck is appointed court painter by Charles I and given a knighthood.
The Second Folio of William Shakespeare's plays is published.
InternationalThomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, is made lord deputy of Ireland. His efficient governance and vigorous administration quickly returns considerable sums of money to England.
Charles I issues a charter for the colony of Maryland which would became a haven for Catholics in the New World.