5 of 174 portraits of William Pitt
- Extended Catalogue Entry
studio of John Hoppner
oil on canvas, circa 1805 or after
55 1/2 in. x 42 1/2 in. (1410 mm x 1080 mm)
Lent by Tate Gallery, 1954
Artistback to top
- John Hoppner (1758-1810), Painter. Artist associated with 213 portraits, Sitter in 13 portraits.
This portraitback to top
This studio copy of Hoppner's portrait depicts Pitt a year before he died of exhaustion and drink, aged only forty-six. 'A vile picture,' his friend William Wilberforce called it, 'his face anxious, diseased, reddened with wine, and soured . . . by disappointment. Poor fellow, how unlike my youthful Pitt !'
Linked publicationsback to top
- Audio Guide
- The British Portrait, 1660-1960, 1991, p. 284
- Holmes, Richard; Crane, David; Woof, Robert; Hebron, Stephen, Romantics and Revolutionaries: Regency portraits from the National Portrait Gallery, 2002, p. 95
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 496
- Walker, Richard, Regency Portraits, 1985, p. 392
- Woof, Robert; Hebron, Stephen, Romantic Icons, 1999, p. 43
Events of 1805back to top
Current affairsNelson's state funeral is held at St Paul's. An occasion for an outpouring of national grief and patriotism, the grand ceremony built on the cult of Nelson which had emerged in the years before his death.
Art and scienceMary Tighe publishes Pysche or the Legend of Love, a romantic allegory in the fashionable medieval revival style, admired by both Keats and Shelley.
The 'poems of Ossian' are officially declared a fake and a great literary scandal ends as Scottish poet James Macpherson is exposed as the forger of the third century bard's epic works.
InternationalBattle of Trafalgar. Napoleon's ultimate plan to invade England from Boulogne with 100,000 men is thwarted by superior British naval power. Nelson dies in the closing moments of battle having been wounded by a French sniper, but survives long enough to learn that a decisive victory has been won.
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