by Unknown artist
oil on panel, after 1556
18 1/2 in. x 14 1/2 in. (470 mm x 368 mm)
Given by William Smith, 1866
Sitterback to top
- Reginald Pole (1500-1558), Cardinal and Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 28 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Bolland, Charlotte; Cooper, Tarnya, The Real Tudors: Kings and Queens Rediscovered, 2014 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 12th September 2014 to 1st March 2015), p. 105
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 498
- Strong, Roy, Tudor and Jacobean Portraits, 1969, p. 251
Events of 1556back to top
Current affairsThomas Cranmer, the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, is denounced as a heretic and burned at the stake in Oxford.
Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
Art and scienceThe German physician and mineralogist Georg Agricola publishes De re metallica (On the Nature of Metals), the first systematic treatise about the mining and smelting of metals. It will remain the authoritative text on the subject for 250 years.
InternationalAbdication of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. His brother Archduke Ferdinand of Austria becomes Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip of Spain, husband of Queen Mary I, succeeds to the throne of Spain as Philip II.
Akbar becomes Mughal Emperor of India defeating the Afghans at the Battle of Panipat.
The most devastating earthquake in history occurs in China's Shaanxi Province; an estimated 830,000 people are killed.
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
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