© National Portrait Gallery, London
Oliver St John
by Pieter Nason
oil on canvas, 1651
86 5/8 in. x 61 3/4 in. (2200 mm x 1568 mm)
Purchased with help from Esmond S. de Beer, 1974
- Pieter Nason (1612-1690). Artist associated with 10 portraits.
Charles II, crowned King of Scotland, daringly invades England. His defeat at the Battle of Worcester by Oliver Cromwell permanently ends further military action against Parliament. Charles's escape from Worcester becomes legendary, as a fugitive, he seeks refuge for six weeks before finally fleeing to Normandy.
Art and science
Social philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, publishes his major work, Leviathan
. Recognised as a cornerstone of western political philosophy, Hobbes's implication that the new political authority should be accepted, angering many exiled royalists.
Headed by Chief Justice, Oliver St. John, a delegation is sent by the Rump Parliament to The Hague to negotiate a union between England and the Dutch Republic. The mission fails, principally over refusal by the Dutch to expel the exiled Stuart royal family from the country.