- Extended Catalogue Entry
by Margaret Sarah Carpenter
oil on canvas, 1856
30 in. x 25 in. (762 mm x 635 mm)
Bequeathed by the sitter's brother, George Smith, 1913
Sitterback to top
- William Smith (1808-1876), Printseller and antiquary; Founding member and deputy chairman of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 5 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Margaret Sarah Carpenter (née Geddes) (1793-1872), Painter. Artist associated with 33 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 422
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 572
Events of 1856back to top
Current affairsQueen Victoria introduces the Victoria cross, an award for British soldiers who displayed exceptional valour in battle. Each medal was produced from Russian guns captured in the British war. In 2006, Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry became the first living recipient of the Victoria Cross since 1965, for his actions in the Iraq war.
Art and scienceThe National Portrait Gallery is founded by Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl of Stanhope, Thomas Babington Macaulay, and Thomas Carlyle, all biographers and historians. Historical rather than artistic in focus, the Gallery's aim was to collect original portraits of outstanding figures from British history, notably from politics, the arts, literature and science.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her epic and autobiographical poem Aurora Leigh.
InternationalThe Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean war. Russia concedes to the Anglo-French-Austrian Four Points of August 1854 including the guarantee of Ottoman sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia also agreed to a demilitarisation of the land islands in the Baltics, a term which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War.
Britain launches the second Opium war against China.