John Bird Sumner
- Extended Catalogue Entry
John Bird Sumner
by Margaret Sarah Carpenter
oil on canvas, circa 1852
32 in. x 25 7/8 in. (813 mm x 657 mm)
Given by the husband of the sitter's great-granddaughter, Ronald Carter, 1956
Sitterback to top
- John Bird Sumner (1780-1862), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 13 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Margaret Sarah Carpenter (née Geddes) (1793-1872), Painter. Artist associated with 33 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 438
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 598
Events of 1852back to top
Current affairsThe Peelites, a breakaway group who had supported Peel during the Corn Law reforms, join the Liberals. The Conservative Edward Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, becomes Prime Minister after Lord John Russell's Liberal administration collapses. The administration is short-lived and replaced by a new Liberal-Peelite coalition, under the leadership of former Tory George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen.
Art and scienceStart of spiritualism craze in England.
London physician Peter Mark Roget first publishes his thesaurus.
American author Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the hugely successful anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
Scottish physicist William Thomson formulates the second law of thermodynamics, demonstrating that a rapidly expanding gas cools.
InternationalIndependent Boer republics north of the Vaal and Orange rivers are recognised by Britain following the Sand River Convention. Later, the Bloemfontein Convention (1854) formally recognises the independence of Boer republics between the Vaal and Orange rivers, resulting in the Boer Republic of the Orange Free State.
Tension escalates in Crimea as France demands that Turkey end Russia's exclusive control of the Christian Holy Places in the Ottoman empire.