by Mary Beale
oil on canvas, 1688
30 in. x 24 in. (762 mm x 610 mm)
Given by Edward Henry Charles James Fox-Strangways, 7th Earl of Ilchester, 1953
Artistback to top
- Mary Beale (1633-1699), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 53 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Jordanova, Ludmilla, Defining Features: Scientific and Medical Portraits 1660-2000, 2000 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 14 April to 17 September 2000), p. 37
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 602
Events of 1688back to top
Current affairsThe Glorious Revolution. Senior statesmen, increasingly resentful of James's assault upon liberties of his subjects, invite William III of Orange to invade England. Their action is spurred on by the acquittal of seven bishops who refused to read James II's declaration of indulgence from their pulpits. James flees into exile.
Art and scienceGeorge Savile, Marquess of Halifax, publishes his political tract, The Character of a Trimmer, written 1685, which urged Charles II to shake off his brother's influence.
Writer, Aphra Behn, publishes Oroonoko, often considered to be an abolitionist treatise.
InternationalNine Years' War. Threatened by William III's invasion of England and possible alliance of Protestant European states under his helm, Louis XIV sends French troops into the Rhineland. This pre-emptive strike ignites a war of attrition, and institutes a coalition of European states united in attempting to halt expansionist France.
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