Archibald Campbell Tait
Archibald Campbell Tait
by James Sant
oil on canvas, circa 1865
52 in. x 42 1/4 in. (1321 mm x 1073 mm)
Given by the sitter's great-granddaughter, A. Mary Colville, 1967
Sitterback to top
- Archibald Campbell Tait (1811-1882), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter in 36 portraits.
Artistback to top
- James Sant (1820-1916), Painter. Artist associated with 12 portraits, Sitter in 15 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Foister, Susan, Cardinal Newman 1801-90, 1990 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 2 March - 20 May 1990), p. 42 Read entry
Tait became a Fellow of Balliol in 1834 and was ordained in 1836, when the Oxford Movement was underway. His closest friends at Balliol, William George Ward and Frederick Oakeley, became enthusiastc Tracterians, but Tait stood apart from them and in 1841, when Newman's Tract XC was published anonymously, Tait, with three other dons, published a letter condemning it and calling on the author to identify himself.
Tait became headmaster of Rugby in 1842 following Arnold, and in 1856, Bishop of London. As Bishop he was a fervent evangelist and church builder. In 1868 he was made Archbishop of Canterbury.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 603
Events of 1865back to top
Current affairsElizabeth Garrett Anderson is the first female to be awarded a doctor's licence. She is also involved in collecting signatures for the Manchester Suffrage Committee, the first suffrage organisation, formed this year. John Stuart Mill was also elected to parliament this year on the platform of women's suffrage.
Palmerston dies in October, and is replaced as leader of the Liberal government by his Foreign Secretary, Lord Russell.
Art and scienceLewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland is published, inspired by Carroll's relationship (as Oxford don Sir Charles Dodgson) with his friend Henry George Liddell's daughter Alice.
Matthew Arnold publishes the first series of Essays in Criticism, a defining text in the development of English literature as an academic discipline.
InternationalIn the American civil war, Robert E. Lee surrenders the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant, leading to the surrender of the Confederacy's remaining field armies. A few days later, US President Abraham Lincoln is shot dead by Confederate sympathiser John Wilkes Booth. Later this year slavery is officially abolished after years of fierce campaigning. In response, the first branch of the Ku Klux Klan is founded on Christmas Eve.
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