1 of 5 portraits of James Thomson
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by Agnes Gardner King, after Elizabeth King (née Thomson)
7 7/8 in. x 6 5/8 in. (201 mm x 167 mm)
Given by Agnes Gardner King, 1913
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- James Thomson (1786-1849), Mathematician; father of Baron Kelvin. Sitter in 5 portraits.
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Current affairsThe 10 Hours Factory Act passed, regulating working hours for women and children under the age of eighteen to effectively a maximum of ten hours a day.
The Communist League is founded in London, attended by Friedrich Engels. The League draws up a set of rules and aims, including overthrowing the bourgeoisie and empowering the Proleteriat, and ending class division, forming the basis of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto (1848).