John Horne Tooke
- Extended Catalogue Entry
John Horne Tooke
by Thomas Hardy
oil on canvas, before 1791
29 1/2 in. x 24 1/2 in. (749 mm x 622 mm)
Sitterback to top
- John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Thomas Hardy (1757-1804), Portrait painter and engraver. Artist associated with 20 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Radical politician. A one time friend of John Wilkes, he helped establish The Society for Supporting the Bill of Rights, which championed Wilkes and campaigned for political reform. He was imprisoned in 1778 for attempting to raise a subscription to assist the American colonists.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 460
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 619
Events of 1791back to top
Current affairsThomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence.
The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.
Art and scienceAstronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus.
Robert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom.
The Observer newspaper is founded.
The Ordnance Survey is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.
InternationalMozart composes The Magic Flute.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man establishes liberal freedoms in France
The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly.
Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes.
William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.
See this portrait
On display in Room 18 at the National Portrait Gallery