John Westlake

John Westlake, by Marianne Stokes, 1902 - NPG 1890 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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John Westlake

by Marianne Stokes
egg tempera on panel, 1902
7 1/2 in. x 5 1/4 in. (191 mm x 133 mm)
Given by the sitter's widow, 1920
Primary Collection
NPG 1890

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

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Events of 1902back to top

Current affairs

Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns and is replaced by his nephew, Balfour, who this year introduces the Education Act, which controversially hands control of secondary education from school boards to Local Education Authorities.
Arthur Griffith, leader of the Society of Gaels, introduces a policy of 'Sinn Fein' at a Society meeting in Dublin, which includes passive resistance to the British and the establishment of an Irish ruling council.

Art and science

Joseph Conrad publishes his short story The Heart of Darkness, a powerful critique of European imperialism. Based on his experiences in Africa, the narrative follows Charles Marlow's journey into the Belgian Congo in search of the mysterious trader Kurtz.
In New York, Alfred Stieglitz founds the Photo-Secession movement, a group of US photographers influenced by the Pictoralist movement, seeking recognition of photography as art in its own terms.

International

The first Aswan Dam is opened on the Nile, at the time the world's largest dam. The gravity dam, 1900m long and 54m high, was designed by Sir William Willcocks and built by engineers including Sir John Aird, whose firm John Aird & Company was the main contractor.
The Boer War ends after the Boers accept their loss of independence under the Treaty of Vereeniging, bringing the Boer republics under British control.

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Magdalen Evans

07 October 2017, 16:53

John Westlake K.C., LL.D. (1828-1913)

Tempera on panel,
Signed and dated 1902

Exhibited: Royal Academy, 1903 (105)

John Westlake was an eminent jurist, a strong supporter of the enfranchisement of women and an active sympathiser with the grievances of the Balkan nations. Trinity College Cambridge commissioned Charles Shannon to paint his portrait in 1910 and a marble bust was completed by Sir George Frampton in 1912. Frampton also collected Marianne Stokes's work.
Alice Westlake was also an artist; they lived at Eagles Nest in Cornwall and no.3 Chelsea Embankment, and often let their London house be used to display pictures by artists they supported and their address to be used as a poste restante. While Marianne and her husband Adrian travelled around Central Europe this was the address they would use during the summers abroad, particularly useful when submitting work to exhibitions nationally.

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