© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, 1st Bt
by Sir William Orpen
oil on canvas, 1919
36 in. x 30 in. (914 mm x 762 mm)
Given by wish of Charles Cheers Wakefield, 1st Viscount Wakefield, 1960
- Sir William Orpen (1878-1931), Painter, Royal Academician. Artist associated with 29 portraits, Sitter in 28 portraits.
Sir John William Alcock and Lieutenant Arthur Whitten Brown pilot the first successful non-stop transatlantic flight from Newfoundland to Ireland, flying 1980 miles in their modified Vickers Vimy bomber plane in just over 16 hours. Their achievement won them a £10,000 prize from the Daily Mail newspaper.
Art and science
John Maynard Keynes publishes The Economic Consequences of the Peace
, an influential economic text that criticised the harsh economic treatment of Germany at the Treaty of Versailles and predicted the destabilising effects of the vindictive settlement.
The Paris Peace Conference negotiates the peace treaties between the victorious and defeated powers. The Conference culminated in a number of treaties including the Treaty of Versailles, which granted independence for the countries under Austrian and Russian rule and forced Germany to accept responsibility for the war and pay reparations. It also established the League of Nations.