Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and 7th Earl of Winchilsea

Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and 7th Earl of Winchilsea, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, circa 1720 - NPG 3910 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and 7th Earl of Winchilsea

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1720
31 in. x 41 in. (787 mm x 1041 mm)
Given by Sir Alec and Lady Martin through the Art Fund, 1954
Primary Collection
NPG 3910

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1683 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

This portraitback to top

Kneller made this unusual oil study showing three views of the unwigged head of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and 7th Earl of Winchilsea to guide a sculptor making a portrait of the Tory statesman.

Another sitter of Kneller's, William Stuckey, wrote in his diary for 1720:
'7 June. I sat to Sir Godfrey Kneller for my pictures. Sir Isaac Newton came in to see his picture finished designed for Mr. Cassini.
11 June. Lord Nottingham had his face taken 3 different ways in order for a bust.' You can access the complete published diary at

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Ingamells, John, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, 2009, p. 339
  • Piper, David, The English Face, 1992, p. 126
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 669

Events of 1720back to top

Current affairs

Collapse of the South Sea Company's shares causes financial crisis in London and ruins many investors. Their rapid inflation and the speculation mania it had encouraged become known as the South Sea Bubble. Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend returns to the Whig ministry. Robert Walpole 1st Earl of Orford, who had resigned in 1717, also returns and restores public credit in December.

Art and science

Entrepreneur Ralph Allen is appointed to take over the Cross and Bye Posts, which manage mail not going via London, leading to his eventual reform of the entire British postal system.
History painter James Thornhill is appointed Serjeant Painter to the King and becomes the first British artist to receive a knighthood.


Treaty of the Hague signed between Britain, France, Austria, the Dutch Republic and Spain ending the War of the Quadruple Alliance.
In Lhasa, the Dalai Lama accepts Chinese imperial protection, which lasts until 1911.
Two political parties emerge in Sweden's parliament and become known as the Hats and the Caps.

Tell us more back to top

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Gordon Balderston

10 March 2016, 18:23

William C. Lukis (ed.), ‘The family memoirs of the Rev. William Stukeley, M.D. and the antiquarian and other correspondece of William Stukeley, Roger & Samuel Gale, etc.. Vol. I’ in The Publications of the Surtees Society, vol. 73, publ. 1882, p. 60, consecutive entries in William Stukeley's diary for 1720, “7 June. I sat to Sr. Godfrey Kneller for my pictures. Sr. Ia. Newton came in to see his picture finished designed for Mr. Cassini. 11 June. Ld. Nottingham had his face taken 3 different ways in order for a bust.”

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