Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
- Extended Catalogue Entry
Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
by Sir David Wilkie
oil on panel, 1823
23 1/4 in. x 20 1/2 in. (591 mm x 521 mm)
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
Sitterback to top
- Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827), Commander-in-Chief of the Army; son of George III. Sitter associated with 71 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Sir David Wilkie (1785-1841), Painter. Artist associated with 16 portraits, Sitter in 21 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Although Wilkie took sittings for this portrait in his Kensington studio he depicted the Duke at home in York House. The paper he reads may be the 'Horse Guards Memorandum' of 1822 that ordered a new type of sword for general officers; both old and new types of sword are found in the picture. The portrait was commissioned by the Duke's military secretary, Sir Willoughby Gordon in 1818, and still in its original frame of a type associated with Wilkie.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Smartify image discovery app
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 684
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 103, 168 Read entry
Gilt compo on pine, mitred and probably pinned, the frame apparently made in three sections with the sight edge section pinned and rebated into the central section, oil gilt on a pale ground visible at various old damages, the gilding largely original except on the sight edge and at old repairs, the top of the coronet missing above the Garter ribbon. 5 3⁄ 4 inches wide including slip.
Wilkie's portrait of the Duke of York, a commission from General Sir Willoughby Gordon, was not finished until 1823 when it was exhibited at the Royal Academy. This frame, with its rather restrained centre and corner motifs and the all-over small-scale compo ornamentation, is of the type favoured by Wilkie in the 1820s and 1830s. To take two examples, both his Chelsea Pensioners reading the Waterloo Despatch of 1822 (Apsley House) and his late portrait of William IV of 1837 (National Portrait Gallery, on loan to Bodelwyddan Castle) have frames which, although differing in detail, conform to this taste. Wilkie used a number of framemakers including Benjamin Charpentier and David Ross in the early years of his career, Thomas Macdonald from c.1813-22,1 and Francis Collins in the late 1820s.2
1 See H. A. D. Miles, Fourteen Small Pictures by Wilkie, exhibition catalogue, The Fine Art Society Ltd, London, 1994, p 20. See also H. A. D. Miles and D. B. Brown, Sir David Wilkie of Scotland (1785-1841), exhibition catalogue, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, 1987, nos.17, 18, 20; see also no.13 where Wilkie refers to a 'flat French frame' made by Charpentier in a letter of 1811 to Sir George Beaumont.
2 See Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Portraits in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1969, pp 137-142.
- Walker, Richard, Regency Portraits, 1985, p. 581
Placesback to top
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1823back to top
Current affairsGaols Act is passed to build new prisons, raise standards in old ones and institute regular inspections. It is prompted by the vigorous campaigning of reformers such as Elizabeth Fry, leader of the Ladies Association for the Improvement of Female Prisoners in Newgate Prison.
Anti-Slavery Committee is founded in London.
Art and scienceArchitect, Robert Smirke begins construction of the British Museum.
Thomas Wakley founds The Lancet, the first weekly medical journal and important mouthpiece of medical reform.
Charles Babbage begins work on the first calculating machine.
Charles Macintosh invents waterproof fabric.
InternationalCatholic Association is founded by Daniel O'Connell in Ireland in an attempt to mobilise and politicise the entire Irish Catholic population in a systematic challenge to the ruling Protestant ascendancy.
War breaks out between France and Spain.
English missionary John Smith died in prison having been sentenced to be hanged for failing to take up arms against slaves in Demerara.