by Duncan Grant
oil on canvas, 1917
50 in. x 40 in. (1270 mm x 1016 mm)
- Vanessa Bell (née Stephen) (1879-1961), Painter; sister of Virginia Woolf. Sitter in 18 portraits, Artist associated with 14 portraits.
- Duncan Grant (1885-1978), Artist. Artist of 9 portraits, Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
Bell began to work with Grant, a younger painter whose work she admired, from around 1913 and they subsequently fell in love. This is one of two portraits of Bell by Duncan Grant in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery. Its use of rich, vibrant colour and pattern demonstrates Grant's adoption of a Post-Impressionist style. At the time the portrait was painted, Bell was also experimenting with bold colour and simplified form in her own painting.
- Gibson, Robin, Treasures from the National Portrait Gallery, 1996, p. 105
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 48
- Spalding, Frances, The Bloomsbury Group, 2013, p. 47
- Spalding, Frances, Insights: The Bloomsbury Group, 2005, p. 4,42
King George V changes his name from 'Saxe-Coburg' to 'Windsor.' Amid wartime anti-German public sentiment the British Royal Family decided to relinquish their German name and titles. The name 'Windsor' was chosen as variation on ''Wettin', the late Prince Albert's personal surname.
Art and science
The National Photographic Record
is established at the instigation of the photographer Walter Stoneman to commission photographs of 'distinguished living contemporaries of British nationality.' This project allowed the National Portrait Gallery to circumvent its own rule that portraits could not enter the collection until the sitter had been dead ten years.
The Russian Revolution begins with the February Revolution
and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Seven months later the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin seize power in the October Revolution
forming the Soviet Communist Government, which lasted until 1991. The USA abandons its neutrality and joins the war against Germany following a series of attacks on American passenger and merchant ships.